‘Home Guards’ as a voluntary organization of citizens was raised in the United Kingdom during World War II for local defense. This was replicated in India in
December 1946 where Home Guards were raised in Bombay (Mumbai) to assist the police in controlling Civil disturbances and communal riots prevalent at the time.
Subsequently, the concept of a voluntary citizen force auxiliary to the police for maintenance of law and order and for meeting emergencies like landslides, floods,
fires, famine etc. was adopted by several other States. The Chinese aggression of 1962 prompted the Centre to advise the States and Union Territories to merge their
existing voluntary organizations into one all-India voluntary force known as the ‘Home Guards’.
Maneck Jehangir Bhikaji or “Mac” to his foreign friends and CG (Commandant General) to his fellow countrymen, the great friend, philosopher and guide of the
common man organized the Citizen Voluntary force, not only in aid of Govt. administration for maintaining law and order, but also for providing an atmosphere of
discipline in public life in Bombay, which was at that time reeling under communal tension. The organization so founded by him was re-christened as Home Guards on
6th December, 1946 when late Morarji Desai was Chief Minister of erstwhile undivided Bombay State. Since inception, he headed this Organization as Commandant General.
The same Home Guards Organization was recommended by the Govt. of India in 1962 for augmenting Civil Defence resources and now more than 4:11 lakhs Home Guards are on
the roll throughout India performing multi-ferrous jobs apart from being auxiliary to the Police, like various socio-economic developmental activities, adult education,
health and hygienic program, blood donation, tree plantation, protection of weaker sections, Civil Defence activities and disaster relief etc. to name a few.
The Civil Defence in Nagaland preceded the Home Guards Organization. The Nagaland Home Guards Organization was formally established on 1st March 1988 by an Ordinance of 1987 under the Home Department with the then Home Commissioner as ex-Officio Commandant General. A Dy. Commandant General headed the organisation at the HQ level. This arrangement continued till October 1991 when a regular officer was posted from the IPS with Shri. S.Akang Jamir, IPS, as the first Director General and Lt. Sitlhou, IPS as the first Commandant General,
The Nagaland Home Guards Acts of 1988 was passed by the State Legislature on 12th May 1988. Thus the department is 29 years as on March 2017.
Both Civil Defence and Home Guards organization complement each other and co-exist under a common Head of Office. In this connection the Commandant General HGs is
also the Director Civil Defence.
While Civil Defence deals with incidences arising out of external aggression to the country in general, the Home Guards deal with incidences arising out of internal security,
natural calamities like landslides, earthquake, fire etc, strikes, communal disharmony, socio-economic and welfare activities.
It would be interesting to note that while the former is a Central subject, the later is a State subject. Referring back to the assumption that Civil Defence was irrelevant
for the state of Nagaland, one should not oversee the fact that the concept of vulnerability has become enlarged and the threat from various quarters is very much alive.
Based on this threat perception, each town/city in the country is categorized according to its vulnerability and importance and as such are classified into I. IA, II categories.
Civil Defence Organization in Nagaland is now being re-activated and as per GOI, MHA instruction the government of Nagaland has declared the Commandant General Home Guards as
the Director Civil Defence vide notification NO.POL-23/CD/140/82 dated the 6th June’98.
Department of Home Guards & Civil Defence : Nagaland © 2018
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